Suffering from tooth decay can be a traumatic and painful experience. A cavity often weakens the foundation of your jaw and teeth, resulting in several dental issues.
Cavities or tooth decay occur due to the bacteria in our mouth, which enter through the food we consume. This bacteria sticks to our teeth’ surface in the form of plaque and must be removed at least two times a day.
Irregular brushing or lack of dental hygiene often causes your tooth enamel to break down because of the bacteria in your mouth for a long time. Fortunately, there are procedures with which you fill the gaps or cavities caused by tooth decay to ensure better teeth and gum health. So if you are experiencing any holes in your mouth, visit a dentist in Fort Lauderdale as soon as possible and get your teeth fixed; otherwise, your condition might worsen, resulting in extreme pain and discomfort.
Different stages of tooth decaying
Enamel is one of the most rigid tissues in your body and is not quickly broken. However, the plaque and bacteria sitting on it for days because of your poor dental care can cause tooth decay or cavities.
The bacteria present on your tooth surface can be dangerous if not removed from time to time. These microorganisms slowly start to demineralize your teeth resulting in holes and cavities.
Initially, you may have yet to start harming your tooth’s enamel. However, with time you will notice your teeth forming holes or uneven texture resulting from demineralization due to bacteria.
- Enamel decay
After the demineralization, which is the breaking down of your teeth, formation begins the bacteria start the enamel decay of your tooth. You will notice that the white surface of your teeth has already begun turning, not brown spots. The brown spots soon take over the tooth enamel, and you will see that small holes forming on your tooth’s surface.
These tiny holes are known as cavities which your dentist will treat with dental fillings. Now that the enamel decay process has started, you will soon notice your tooth breaking down and moving on to the next stage.
- Dentin decay
After your tooth’s enamel starts receding, your tooth will become weak. This will impact the nerve in your gums and start causing you pain and discomfort. The affected teeth will become sensitive toward hot and cold food as the bacteria approach the dentin layer.
The dentin area is just below the enamel layer and is much softer. This region also has some sensory nerves connected to the gums. So once the bacteria reaches here, it does not take much time to spread.